Thanks for including me Nadia, very interesting topic for me and an interesting proposal...even though I don't necessarily agree with the language and direction it's pointing to.
Spent a lot of time doing my own research into Balkans (origins of today's narratives, the divisions, reasons for identifying the nation with religion, reasons for present day pathetic state of intelligentsia in our countries etc), let by a simple idea that by knowing the past we can understand the present better and anticipate some of the possible futures.
I cannot say much about MENA except that we Europeans have contributed a great deal to the present situation (for reasons too long to go into here), but I will gladly share insights about Balkans or diaspora in Europe. As a member of diaspora and someone who is in touch with various diasporas here I would gladly explore that subject further. Key words are inclusion and education, that is the only way to create understanding in a society built of many different groups. With understanding comes acceptance and respect. Look at minorities in Belgium, they are all in their own closed ecosystems and then you have Belgians further divided as well. There are walls between people here unfortunately (and it's like that all over Europe). Even Merkel admitted some years ago that German multiculturalism experiment has failed (interesting to see her in all out support of immigration in EU after saying something like that in 2010).
Unfortunately today's power systems seem to thrive on division and fear: it is constantly used in Balkans to nudge the people towards a certain goal, to distract people and to win elections for example. Look at England or US elections, desperately attacking Russia on all fronts,trying desperately to hide their own mess.
I participated in overthrowing Milosevic in Serbia in 2000. Back then I was just a teenager, believing in such revolutions and believing violence is justified as a response to oppressive systems. Turns out there are many levels of violence, control and manipulation.
Now I despise it in every way. I am convinced that in violent revolutions we create an environment in which violent people come to the top of the power structure, it is also very logical since that is how we have set our values (if we have democratic elections where we can determine a value of a person through its contribution to the society, intelligence and other values then we create a system in which there is no place for violent people). The short term consequences of violent changes of power systems are bad. The long term consequences, however, are much worse, they are horrifying! Violent men surround themselves with more violent men (and they choose people less competent than them so they can stay in power). They create this negative natural selection systems in which your set of "values" determines your chances of success. The damage done to future generations by creating this kind of system is immeasurable, as is now visible in Croatia and Serbia. People who can't deal with it leave the country, those that stay fall in line or fall in depression...
In any case, @alberto if you think I can be useful in your proposal I will gladly help. Curious to hear your thoughts about the issues raised in that proposal.