hey guys, great work, hope you are advancing steadily in the digital medenine project.
I was looking on some data about Medenine and thought it could be helpful to share them with you under the digital medenine thread.
Data from an official report on Medenine 2014 by stastique tunisie http://www.ins.nat.tn/
The Governorate has 9 delegations ( matmdia ) including northern and southern medenine.
1st of all generally, people are not migrating away from the region in high numbers, in fact in some parts like Northeren Medenine, and the other coastal areas like Houmet Souk, the number of people coming in exceeds the number of people leaving. A lot of people are leaving the southern part though like Ben Khedech and Ben Guerdane. Generally Medenine region’s internal migration sum is zero [ no of people leaving - no of people entering ].
I am not sure about the reasons on the ground, is it a normal pattern that people leave for a while to a bigger city just to be able financially to come back and settle in better living conditions ?
The biggest share of stated reasons for “leaving” in north Medenine are marriage, accompanying the family both reasons together form more than 50% then comes work with 23% ; needless to mention that reason of leaving for male residence is 36% work and marriage + accompanying the family together form 36%, in the female residence percentages are work 9% and marriage + accompanying the family together form 67% , interestingly leaving for study keeps a 12% in both male and female statistics.
As for external migration, people are coming back as well, Knowing that in the last years some Tunisians are coming back from Libya due to violence and Europe due to the economic crisis ( source world bank, 2013) I am not sure is this visible in Medenine on the ground ? did people came back to their hometown from outside of the country or coming back and how is this process affecting the town ?
Main reason for leaving is work with an average of 73% , reaching 89% in some regions. ( for female statistics it is work 32% and marriage 36%, in north medenine it reaches 61% marriage and 21% work )
As we already know Medenine is young, Average age is around 31 years old with more than 32% of the north and south Medenine’s population is from 20 till 39. But this comes with an unemployment rate of 18-21 % ( in north and south ) and Unemployment within people with higher degrees is 32-34%.
So entrepreneurship could come in handy here, I would argue that building a hyper local community in between the 9 delegations is needed and could catalyze better development, ( how do you guys think this could be done, you can leave a comment in this other post on tunisia)
More than 53 % of the people over 15 years old are married. Besides, 77% north and 83 % south of the families own their houses, and 83%, 87% built their houses.
So basically the openvillage model of coliving and reducing rent doesn’t work here, arguably in most small towns in the region.
Interestingly there is a 10-6 % vacant houses and 4% abandoned houses, which could be a nice activity to map as well as they could act as places for potential projects.
Only 44% of people above 10 years old use the internet. I believe that this number is increasing, and makes sense to start the mapping now so it can become beneficial for the rising local internet population and global tourism.
I am interested to know how are you going to drive this thing forward, are there any channels to propose this for the local municipality ? what are they ? and what are the authorities for the local municipality ? are they able to fund this ? how is the process ?
Schools, health units are relatively well located, youth buildings or facilities for youth are not as much almost 50 % more than 2 km away, this means there are still lot of potential for places like ourghema to start, how can people there replicate the model or make their own business model, it will be nice to put the practical info available for others to build on and use.
Finally, Most houses are connected with water and electricity but waste management system is lacking 50-29 % which could be a goo**d business opportunity** ( like Envitou Stas or even partner with it to expand its market to medenine )