Zegardani - the hero of the village mothers

Available in: :gb: English / :ka: Georgian

:gb: English version

When I think about Zegardani, one phrase comes to mind: mother of the world! Yes! I have entered into the motherly world, in which one perfectly knows about a motherโ€™s care and love, and where even the ground smells and steams like milk, where grizzle-haired mothers are unable to count their great-grandchildren! โ€˜Barsamiโ€™, that is how these mothers respond to the question: how many children do you have? Then they start to count on their fingers that are not clearly enough, starting it over and over, fondling the great-grandchildren, their descendants and future generation.

Zegardani is a small village in Khulo Municipality and belongs to the Skhalta community in the Adjara region, where only 16 families. Until now, in all of the sixteen families children-rich mother bustles around, and most of them have a three or more children. These women (and not only) were awarded with the title of โ€˜heroineโ€™ back in the USSR, for bearing and raising 10 or more children. Time passed and out of 12 mother โ€˜heroinesโ€™ only 9 lives on. The youngest, Sonia Makharadze, is 68 years old. She has 13 children and 25 grand-children. As the youngest granny of the Zegardeni, she is looking forward to her great-grandchildren. The eldest mother โ€˜heroineโ€™, Emine Shainidze, is 87 years old. She has 11 children, 40 grandchildren, and 61 great-grandchildren.

Guliko Makharadze, 73 years old, is also a child-rich woman. She has raised 14 children and 27 grandchildren in the village. She still feels good and helps her daughter-in-law to raise 5 great-grandchildren.

People in Zegarden mostly follow agriculture. They cultivate corn and beans, but not in average numbers or quality. โ€œBefore, we had a productive harvesting, that was our livingโ€ฆ it is nearly eight years we do not harvest enough and what we yield is not in a good condition: in two months of harvesting corps worsen, beans tooโ€, - regrettably, says mother โ€˜heroineโ€™ of 11 children, Venera Shainidze. Her firstborn is 47 years old and youngest 27. She has 28 grandchildren and 6 great-grandchildren. Nowadays, 13 people lives in her family and their only financial income is Veneraโ€™s and her husbandโ€™s pension: 300 GEL. Mother Venera has a lot to think about, but her youngest concerns her the most: โ€œI have two daughter-in-laws at home, we live three couples together (me and my husband, two sons with their wives), and third son needs to be settled down as well, but how can I bring third daughter-in-law here with other two? We donโ€™t have any space left at home and no other possibility to live separately. He is already 27 years old and needs his family, and wants his own nestโ€ฆโ€

The village has a lot of problems: school (Zegardani only has a primary school, after the 4th grade, children go to the school in neighboring village), limited lands, landslides, unemployment, lack of medical care and transportation issues. There doesnโ€™t exist any places for sporting either. In Zegardani, people start talking about problems with the lack of transport: โ€œIf we need to go to the region or in a town, we need to walk 5 km, to the village Tsabliani. When we return from there, we might give some extra money to the driver and he brings us to the place. Here we had a mini-bus for the school children, picking them in the morning to school and after the lessons driving back home. Now what happened we donโ€™t know, the mini-bus does not drive anymore! When we ask driver why, he says he was told from Tbilisi not to work anymore, as they could not finance him any longer. Who told him, he doesnโ€™t say. Five km is a long way for a schoolchild. And we are afraid of spine curvature disorders children might develop by taking that heavy bag with them in such a long way.โ€

Zegardani knows lasting and snowy winters. Locals say they do not need stairs to get into their houses, as the snow hits the balconies. Youngsters, tired with boredom, cannot visit their neighbors in this weather. Whiles the only fun they can have in this mountainous village is to come together and play joker, backgammon, dominos. In the winter, they ski and compete in table tennis in the school of another village.

Guliko sticks to wood (wood is the only thing that is not a problem in the village) stove in winter and names the main problem to be absence of a hospital: โ€œlast year I almost lost my daughter-in-law, neighbors saved her. They placed the pregnant woman on a stretcher and took her to Skhalta with their hands. We have ambulance in Skhalta, but they are not even equipped with drugs like Analgin or Dimedrol. Long before, there was a great hospital we had and our health was in a good condition too. This gorge urgently needs a hospital!โ€

The spring is extremely beautiful in village Zegardani. Plums start to blossom and thereby, you can see stunning sparkle of the snow on the sunโ€™s rays. The land is creeping and when spring, snow melts and landslip process emerges. People of Zegardani, till now, remember April 19, 1987, when the landsliade in the village Tsabliani killed dozens of locals. Recalling this unpleasant past, Zegardanies come to tears and regrettably repeat the promise government gave them that time: โ€œeveryone received the document, that we are living in a landslide danger zone. Promise was given to build cheap houses and resettle us in lowlands, but nobody remembers that. Every spring we meet with a fear, but we have nowhere to goโ€ฆโ€

Regardless the harsh conditions, elder people of Zegardani are not willing to leave the place. โ€œWe were born and grown here, spilled our sweat in this land and we cannot go anywhere, we will be buried here!โ€ They ask for more attention from the local government: โ€œbefore, they at least remembered us for motherโ€™s day, inviting us in the center, giving us present. This government has forgotten about us, our gold medals lost their price!โ€

In the village Zegardani people believe, that locals are most vulnerable, but officially only six families are granted with the social status. As young people have no opportunities for employment, they go to Turkey tea picking for the season. Badri Shainidze, 45, takes care of his family in the same way: โ€œTurkey is our bread-winner. We collect tea there for the whole summer, to save our families. The most I have earned on a season is 3000 GEL, but it is impossible to use it for the whole year. We need a stable work!โ€

Spring nearly approaches in Zegardani. Locals already start preparing for the spring works. And then mother โ€˜heroinesโ€™ head to the fields with their grandchildren, young boys continue to collect tea in Turkey, and their sons and daughters will take care of the villageโ€ฆ

##:ka: Georgian version

แƒ แƒแƒชแƒ แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒ–แƒ” แƒ•แƒคแƒ˜แƒฅแƒ แƒแƒ‘, แƒ’แƒแƒœแƒ”แƒ‘แƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒแƒ›แƒแƒขแƒ˜แƒ•แƒขแƒ˜แƒ•แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ›แƒ” แƒคแƒ แƒแƒ–แƒ: แƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒงแƒแƒ แƒ! แƒ“แƒ˜แƒแƒฎ! แƒแƒ แƒช แƒ›แƒ”แƒขแƒ˜ แƒแƒ แƒช แƒœแƒแƒ™แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒงแƒแƒ แƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒจแƒ”แƒ•แƒแƒฆแƒฌแƒ˜แƒ”, แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒงแƒแƒ แƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒ“แƒแƒช แƒ’แƒแƒœแƒกแƒแƒ™แƒฃแƒ—แƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ-แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒแƒ‘แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒกแƒ˜แƒงแƒ•แƒแƒ แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ˜แƒชแƒ˜แƒแƒœ, แƒกแƒแƒ“แƒแƒช แƒ›แƒ˜แƒฌแƒแƒกแƒแƒช แƒ™แƒ˜ แƒ แƒซแƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒฃแƒœแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒ แƒ—แƒฅแƒšแƒ˜ แƒแƒกแƒ“แƒ˜แƒกโ€ฆ แƒ“แƒ แƒญแƒแƒฆแƒแƒ แƒแƒจแƒ”แƒ แƒ”แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ—แƒแƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒก แƒ•แƒ”แƒฆแƒแƒ  แƒ˜แƒ—แƒ•แƒšแƒ˜แƒแƒœ!

โ€žแƒ‘แƒแƒ แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒ˜โ€œ - แƒแƒกแƒ” แƒžแƒแƒกแƒฃแƒฎแƒแƒ‘แƒ”แƒœ แƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒ™แƒ˜แƒ—แƒฎแƒ•แƒแƒก, แƒ แƒแƒ›แƒ“แƒ”แƒœแƒ˜ แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ—แƒแƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒงแƒแƒ•แƒ—? แƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒ”แƒ แƒ” แƒ—แƒ˜แƒ—แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ–แƒ” แƒ˜แƒฌแƒงแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ”แƒœ แƒ“แƒแƒ—แƒ•แƒšแƒแƒก. แƒ—แƒ˜แƒ—แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒแƒ  แƒงแƒแƒคแƒœแƒ˜แƒ— แƒ“แƒ แƒกแƒแƒ—แƒ•แƒแƒšแƒแƒ•แƒ˜ แƒ˜แƒกแƒ”แƒ• แƒ”แƒ แƒ”แƒ•แƒแƒ—. แƒ›แƒ”แƒ แƒ” แƒ˜แƒกแƒ”แƒ• แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ“แƒแƒœ แƒ˜แƒฌแƒงแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ”แƒœ แƒ“แƒ แƒ”แƒคแƒ”แƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒแƒœ แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ—แƒแƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒก, แƒ›แƒแƒ— แƒ›แƒแƒœแƒแƒ’แƒแƒ แƒกแƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒแƒ›แƒแƒ•แƒแƒšแƒก.

แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒ˜ แƒฎแƒฃแƒšแƒแƒก แƒ›แƒฃแƒœแƒ˜แƒชแƒ˜แƒžแƒแƒšแƒ˜แƒขแƒ”แƒขแƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ—แƒ˜แƒก แƒ—แƒ”แƒ›แƒจแƒ˜ แƒจแƒ”แƒ›แƒแƒ•แƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒ˜ แƒžแƒแƒขแƒแƒ แƒ แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒšแƒ˜แƒ, แƒกแƒแƒ“แƒแƒช 16 แƒแƒฏแƒแƒฎแƒ˜ แƒชแƒฎแƒแƒ•แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒก แƒ“แƒ แƒ—แƒแƒ แƒ›แƒ”แƒขแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒ แƒฌแƒ”แƒ•แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒ™แƒ•แƒแƒœแƒก. แƒ“แƒฆแƒ”แƒ›แƒ“แƒ” แƒ—แƒ”แƒฅแƒ•แƒกแƒ›แƒ”แƒขแƒ˜แƒ•แƒ” แƒแƒฏแƒแƒฎแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒ แƒแƒ•แƒแƒšแƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒแƒœแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ แƒคแƒฃแƒกแƒคแƒฃแƒกแƒ”แƒ‘แƒก, แƒ แƒแƒ›แƒ”แƒšแƒ—แƒแƒช 3 แƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒ”แƒขแƒ˜ แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒฐแƒงแƒแƒ•แƒ—. แƒแƒ› แƒฅแƒแƒšแƒ‘แƒแƒขแƒแƒœแƒ”แƒ‘แƒก (แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒ แƒ แƒ›แƒแƒ แƒขแƒ แƒ›แƒแƒ—) โ€žแƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜แƒกโ€œ แƒฌแƒแƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒฏแƒ”แƒ  แƒ™แƒ˜แƒ“แƒ”แƒ• แƒ™แƒแƒ›แƒฃแƒœแƒ˜แƒกแƒขแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒก แƒ›แƒ˜แƒแƒœแƒ˜แƒญแƒ”แƒก, แƒ แƒแƒ’แƒแƒ แƒช 10 แƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒ”แƒขแƒ˜ แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒก. แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒแƒ˜แƒขแƒแƒœแƒ แƒ“แƒ 12 แƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ˜แƒ“แƒแƒœ แƒ“แƒฆแƒ”แƒก แƒ›แƒฎแƒแƒšแƒแƒ“ แƒชแƒฎแƒ แƒแƒ แƒชแƒแƒชแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ˜. แƒ›แƒแƒ—แƒ’แƒแƒœ แƒงแƒ•แƒ”แƒšแƒแƒ–แƒ” แƒแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒ แƒ“แƒ 68 แƒฌแƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒแƒœแƒ˜แƒ แƒ›แƒแƒฎแƒแƒ แƒแƒซแƒ”แƒ. แƒฅแƒแƒšแƒ‘แƒแƒขแƒแƒœ แƒกแƒแƒœแƒ˜แƒแƒก 13 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ 25 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒฐแƒงแƒแƒ•แƒก. แƒ แƒแƒ’แƒแƒ แƒช แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒ˜แƒก แƒงแƒ•แƒ”แƒšแƒแƒ–แƒ” แƒแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒ แƒ“แƒ โ€žแƒ“แƒ˜แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒโ€œ, แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ—แƒแƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒ›แƒแƒšแƒแƒ“แƒ˜แƒœแƒจแƒ˜แƒ. แƒฃแƒฎแƒฃแƒชแƒ”แƒกแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ แƒ”แƒ›แƒ˜แƒœแƒ” แƒจแƒแƒ˜แƒœแƒ˜แƒซแƒ” 87 แƒฌแƒšแƒ˜แƒกแƒแƒ. แƒ›แƒแƒก 11 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜, 40 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ 61 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ—แƒแƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒฐแƒงแƒแƒ•แƒก.

แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒ˜แƒ›แƒ แƒแƒ•แƒšแƒ˜แƒ— แƒ’แƒแƒ›แƒแƒ˜แƒ แƒฉแƒ”แƒ•แƒ 73 แƒฌแƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒ’แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜แƒ™แƒ แƒ›แƒแƒฎแƒแƒ แƒแƒซแƒ”. แƒ›แƒแƒœ 14 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ 27 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒแƒฃแƒ–แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒšแƒก. แƒ“แƒฆแƒ”แƒ›แƒ“แƒ” แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒก แƒ™แƒแƒ แƒ’แƒแƒ“ แƒ’แƒ แƒซแƒœแƒแƒ‘แƒก แƒ“แƒ แƒ แƒซแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒก 5 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ—แƒแƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒแƒฆแƒ–แƒ แƒ“แƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ”แƒฎแƒ›แƒแƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ.

แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒš แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒซแƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜แƒ—แƒแƒ“แƒแƒ“ แƒ›แƒ˜แƒฌแƒแƒ—แƒ›แƒแƒฅแƒ›แƒ”แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒแƒก แƒ›แƒ˜แƒกแƒ“แƒ”แƒ•แƒ”แƒœ. แƒแƒฅ แƒกแƒ˜แƒ›แƒ˜แƒœแƒ“แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ แƒšแƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ แƒ›แƒแƒงแƒแƒ•แƒ—, แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒแƒ แƒ แƒกแƒแƒ™แƒ›แƒแƒ แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜ แƒ แƒแƒแƒ“แƒ”แƒœแƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ— แƒ“แƒ แƒฎแƒแƒ แƒ˜แƒกแƒฎแƒ˜แƒ—. โ€žแƒฌแƒ˜แƒœแƒแƒ— แƒ™แƒแƒ แƒ’แƒ˜ แƒ›แƒแƒกแƒแƒ•แƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒแƒ“แƒ˜แƒแƒ“แƒ. แƒ”แƒก แƒ˜แƒงแƒ แƒฉแƒ•แƒ”แƒœแƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒแƒ แƒกแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒฌแƒงแƒแƒ แƒโ€ฆ แƒ“แƒแƒแƒฎแƒšแƒแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ— แƒ แƒ•แƒ แƒฌแƒ”แƒšแƒ˜แƒ แƒแƒฆแƒแƒ แƒช แƒ›แƒแƒกแƒแƒ•แƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒแƒ“แƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒแƒ™แƒ›แƒแƒ แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ แƒ แƒแƒช แƒ›แƒแƒ“แƒ˜แƒก แƒฃแƒฎแƒแƒ แƒ˜แƒกแƒฎแƒ: แƒแƒฆแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ“แƒแƒœ แƒแƒ  แƒ—แƒ•แƒ”แƒจแƒ˜ แƒแƒฆแƒแƒ แƒช แƒกแƒ˜แƒ›แƒ˜แƒœแƒ“แƒ˜ แƒ•แƒแƒ แƒ’แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒฆแƒแƒ แƒช แƒšแƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ, แƒฉแƒ˜แƒฉแƒ˜ แƒ”แƒกแƒ”แƒ•แƒ,โ€œ - แƒแƒ›แƒ‘แƒแƒ‘แƒก แƒฌแƒฃแƒฎแƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒ— 11 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒ’แƒแƒ›แƒ–แƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ แƒ•แƒ”แƒœแƒ”แƒ แƒ แƒจแƒแƒ˜แƒœแƒ˜แƒซแƒ”. แƒ›แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜ แƒฃแƒคแƒ แƒแƒกแƒ˜ แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ 47 แƒฌแƒšแƒ˜แƒกแƒแƒ, แƒฃแƒ›แƒชแƒ แƒแƒกแƒ˜ 27-แƒ˜แƒก. แƒ›แƒแƒก 28 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ 6 แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ—แƒแƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒฐแƒงแƒแƒ•แƒก. แƒ“แƒฆแƒ”แƒ˜แƒกแƒแƒ—แƒ•แƒ˜แƒก แƒแƒฏแƒแƒฎแƒจแƒ˜ 13 แƒฌแƒ”แƒ•แƒ แƒ˜ แƒชแƒฎแƒแƒ•แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒก แƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒแƒ—แƒ˜ แƒคแƒฃแƒšแƒแƒ“แƒ˜ แƒจแƒ”แƒ›แƒแƒกแƒแƒ•แƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒฅแƒแƒšแƒ‘แƒแƒขแƒแƒœแƒ˜ แƒ•แƒ”แƒœแƒ”แƒ แƒแƒก แƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒ”แƒฃแƒฆแƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒžแƒ”แƒœแƒกแƒ˜แƒ - 300 แƒšแƒแƒ แƒ˜แƒ. แƒฅแƒแƒšแƒ‘แƒแƒขแƒแƒœ แƒ•แƒ”แƒœแƒ”แƒ แƒแƒก แƒ‘แƒ”แƒ•แƒ แƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ˜แƒฅแƒ แƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒแƒฅแƒ•แƒก, แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒ˜ แƒ›แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒแƒ แƒ˜ แƒฃแƒ›แƒชแƒ แƒแƒกแƒ˜ แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒ: โ€žแƒกแƒแƒฎแƒšแƒจแƒ˜ แƒแƒ แƒ˜ แƒ แƒซแƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒงแƒแƒ•แƒก, แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒ˜ แƒฌแƒงแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ•แƒชแƒฎแƒแƒ•แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒ— (แƒ›แƒ” แƒ“แƒ แƒฉแƒ”แƒ›แƒ˜ แƒฅแƒ›แƒแƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒ แƒ˜ แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒญแƒ˜ แƒชแƒแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ—), แƒ›แƒ”แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒ”แƒช แƒ“แƒแƒกแƒแƒกแƒแƒฎแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ”แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒงแƒแƒ•แƒก, แƒแƒ แƒ—แƒแƒœ แƒ›แƒ”แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒ” แƒ แƒซแƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ แƒแƒคแƒ”แƒ  แƒ›แƒ”แƒ•แƒงแƒ•แƒแƒœแƒ? แƒแƒฆแƒแƒ แƒช แƒแƒ“แƒ’แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒ•แƒแƒฅแƒ•แƒก แƒกแƒแƒฎแƒšแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒ แƒช แƒกแƒแƒจแƒฃแƒแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ, แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒฃแƒคแƒ แƒแƒกแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒ’แƒแƒ•แƒแƒœแƒแƒฌแƒ˜แƒšแƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒชแƒแƒšแƒ™แƒ” แƒ˜แƒชแƒฎแƒแƒ•แƒ แƒแƒœ. แƒแƒ แƒแƒ“แƒ แƒฃแƒ™แƒ•แƒ” 27 แƒฌแƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒ’แƒแƒฎแƒ“แƒ, แƒงแƒ•แƒ”แƒšแƒแƒก แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜ แƒแƒฏแƒแƒฎแƒ˜, แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜ แƒ‘แƒฃแƒ“แƒ” แƒฃแƒœแƒ“แƒโ€ฆโ€œ

แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒšแƒก แƒ‘แƒ”แƒ•แƒ แƒ˜ แƒžแƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒšแƒ”แƒ›แƒ แƒแƒฅแƒ•แƒก: แƒกแƒ™แƒแƒšแƒ (แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒฎแƒแƒšแƒแƒ“ แƒ“แƒแƒฌแƒงแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ—แƒ˜ แƒกแƒ™แƒแƒšแƒแƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒ”แƒแƒ—แƒฎแƒ” แƒ™แƒšแƒแƒกแƒ˜แƒก แƒจแƒ”แƒ›แƒ“แƒ”แƒ’ แƒ‘แƒแƒ•แƒจแƒ•แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒ›แƒ”แƒ–แƒแƒ‘แƒ”แƒšแƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒคแƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒ™แƒแƒšแƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒแƒ“แƒ˜แƒแƒœ), แƒœแƒแƒ™แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ›แƒ˜แƒฌแƒ˜แƒแƒœแƒแƒ‘แƒ, แƒ›แƒ”แƒฌแƒงแƒ”แƒ แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒžแƒ แƒแƒชแƒ”แƒกแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜, แƒฃแƒ›แƒฃแƒจแƒ”แƒ•แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒ, แƒกแƒแƒแƒ•แƒแƒ“แƒ›แƒงแƒแƒคแƒแƒก แƒ“แƒ แƒกแƒแƒขแƒ แƒแƒœแƒกแƒžแƒแƒ แƒขแƒ แƒกแƒแƒจแƒฃแƒแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒแƒ  แƒฅแƒแƒœแƒ. แƒแƒ  แƒแƒฅแƒ•แƒ— แƒแƒ’แƒ แƒ”แƒ—แƒ•แƒ” แƒกแƒžแƒแƒ แƒขแƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒแƒ”แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒ˜. แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒžแƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒšแƒ”แƒ›แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ–แƒ” แƒกแƒแƒฃแƒ‘แƒแƒ แƒก แƒกแƒแƒขแƒ แƒแƒœแƒกแƒžแƒแƒ แƒขแƒ แƒกแƒแƒจแƒฃแƒแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒแƒ  แƒฅแƒแƒœแƒ˜แƒ— แƒ˜แƒฌแƒงแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ”แƒœ: โ€žแƒฅแƒแƒšแƒแƒฅแƒจแƒ˜ แƒแƒœ แƒ แƒแƒ˜แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ—แƒฃ แƒ“แƒแƒ’แƒ•แƒญแƒ˜แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒฌแƒแƒกแƒ•แƒšแƒ, แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒš แƒฌแƒแƒ‘แƒšแƒแƒœแƒแƒ›แƒ“แƒ” 5 แƒ™แƒ› แƒคแƒ”แƒฎแƒ˜แƒ— แƒฃแƒœแƒ“แƒ แƒ•แƒ˜แƒแƒ แƒแƒ—. แƒ˜แƒฅแƒ”แƒ“แƒแƒœ แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒ›แƒแƒ•แƒ“แƒ˜แƒ•แƒแƒ แƒ— แƒ›แƒซแƒฆแƒแƒšแƒก แƒ—แƒฃ แƒชแƒแƒขแƒ แƒคแƒฃแƒšแƒก แƒ“แƒแƒ•แƒฃแƒ›แƒแƒขแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ—, แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ•แƒ˜แƒงแƒ•แƒแƒœแƒก แƒแƒ“แƒ’แƒ˜แƒšแƒ–แƒ”. แƒแƒฅ แƒ แƒแƒคแƒ˜ แƒ˜แƒงแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒ˜แƒจแƒœแƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒแƒกแƒฌแƒแƒ•แƒšแƒ”แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒกแƒ—แƒ•แƒ˜แƒก, แƒ“แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒ— แƒ›แƒแƒแƒ™แƒ˜แƒ—แƒฎแƒแƒ•แƒ“แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒฌแƒแƒ˜แƒงแƒ•แƒแƒœแƒ“แƒ แƒกแƒ™แƒแƒšแƒแƒจแƒ˜, แƒ’แƒแƒ™แƒ•แƒ”แƒ—แƒ˜แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒ›แƒ”แƒ แƒ” แƒ›แƒแƒ˜แƒงแƒ•แƒแƒœแƒ“แƒ. แƒแƒฎแƒšแƒ แƒ แƒ แƒ›แƒแƒฎแƒ“แƒ แƒแƒ  แƒ•แƒ˜แƒชแƒ˜แƒ—, แƒ แƒแƒคแƒ˜ แƒแƒฆแƒแƒ  แƒ“แƒแƒ“แƒ˜แƒก! แƒจแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒ แƒก แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒ•แƒ”แƒ™แƒ˜แƒ—แƒฎแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ— แƒแƒกแƒ” แƒแƒ›แƒ‘แƒแƒ‘แƒก, แƒ—แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜แƒ“แƒแƒœ แƒ“แƒ˜แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ”แƒ™แƒ”แƒก แƒแƒฆแƒแƒ  แƒ’แƒแƒฎแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ“แƒ”, แƒ•แƒ”แƒฆแƒแƒ  แƒ“แƒแƒ•แƒแƒคแƒ˜แƒœแƒแƒœแƒกแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ—แƒ. แƒ•แƒ˜แƒœ แƒฃแƒ—แƒฎแƒ แƒ แƒ•แƒ”แƒ  แƒแƒ›แƒ‘แƒแƒ‘แƒก. 5 แƒ™แƒ› แƒกแƒ™แƒแƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒ›แƒแƒกแƒฌแƒแƒ•แƒšแƒ˜แƒกแƒ—แƒ•แƒ˜แƒก แƒ“แƒ˜แƒ“แƒ˜ แƒ’แƒ–แƒแƒ. แƒ’แƒ•แƒ”แƒจแƒ˜แƒœแƒ˜แƒ แƒ‘แƒแƒ•แƒจแƒ•แƒ”แƒ‘แƒก แƒฎแƒ”แƒ แƒฎแƒ”แƒ›แƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒ’แƒแƒ›แƒ แƒฃแƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒแƒ  แƒ“แƒแƒ”แƒ›แƒแƒ แƒ—แƒแƒ— แƒแƒ›แƒฎแƒ”แƒšแƒ แƒ’แƒ–แƒแƒ–แƒ” แƒฉแƒแƒœแƒ—แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒ–แƒฃแƒ แƒ’แƒ˜แƒ— แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒ“แƒแƒแƒฅแƒ•แƒ—.โ€œ

แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒฎแƒแƒœแƒ’แƒ แƒซแƒšแƒ˜แƒ•แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ แƒฃแƒฎแƒ•แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒšแƒ˜แƒแƒœแƒ˜ แƒ–แƒแƒ›แƒ—แƒแƒ แƒ˜ แƒ˜แƒชแƒ˜แƒก. แƒแƒฅแƒแƒฃแƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒแƒ›แƒ‘แƒแƒ‘แƒ”แƒœ, แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒ–แƒแƒ›แƒ—แƒแƒ แƒจแƒ˜ แƒ™แƒ˜แƒ‘แƒ”แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒแƒ  แƒกแƒญแƒ˜แƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒแƒ— แƒกแƒแƒฎแƒšแƒจแƒ˜ แƒจแƒ”แƒกแƒแƒกแƒ•แƒšแƒ”แƒšแƒแƒ“, แƒแƒ˜แƒ•แƒœแƒ”แƒ‘แƒแƒ›แƒ“แƒ” แƒแƒฆแƒฌแƒ”แƒ•แƒก แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒšแƒ˜. แƒฃแƒกแƒแƒฅแƒ›แƒฃแƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒกแƒ’แƒแƒœ แƒ’แƒแƒ“แƒแƒฆแƒšแƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒฃแƒฎแƒ•แƒ˜ แƒœแƒแƒšแƒ”แƒฅแƒ˜แƒก แƒ’แƒแƒ›แƒ แƒ›แƒ”แƒ–แƒแƒ‘แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ—แƒแƒœแƒแƒช แƒ•แƒ”แƒฆแƒแƒ  แƒ’แƒแƒ“แƒแƒ“แƒ˜แƒแƒœ. แƒแƒ แƒแƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒแƒฆแƒแƒšแƒ›แƒ—แƒ˜แƒแƒœ แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒšแƒจแƒ˜ แƒแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ—แƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒแƒ“แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒจแƒฃแƒแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒแƒ“ แƒจแƒ”แƒ™แƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒ—แƒแƒ›แƒแƒจแƒ˜แƒ. แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜แƒœแƒ˜ แƒ—แƒแƒ›แƒแƒจแƒแƒ‘แƒ”แƒœ แƒฏแƒแƒ™แƒ”แƒ แƒก, แƒœแƒแƒ แƒ“แƒก, แƒ“แƒแƒ›แƒ˜แƒœแƒแƒกโ€ฆ แƒ–แƒแƒ›แƒ—แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ— แƒ—แƒฎแƒ˜แƒšแƒแƒ›แƒฃแƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ–แƒ” แƒกแƒ แƒ˜แƒแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ”แƒœ แƒ“แƒ แƒกแƒแƒคแƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒ™แƒแƒšแƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ˜แƒ“แƒ˜แƒก แƒฉแƒแƒ’แƒ‘แƒฃแƒ แƒ—แƒจแƒ˜ แƒ”แƒฏแƒ˜แƒ‘แƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒแƒœ แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒ›แƒแƒœแƒ”แƒ—แƒก. แƒฅแƒแƒšแƒ‘แƒแƒขแƒแƒœแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜แƒ™แƒ แƒแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒกแƒ’แƒแƒœ แƒ’แƒแƒœแƒกแƒฎแƒ•แƒแƒ•แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ— แƒ–แƒแƒ›แƒ—แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ— แƒจแƒ”แƒจแƒ˜แƒก (แƒจแƒ”แƒจแƒ แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒแƒ“แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒ˜แƒ, แƒ แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜ แƒžแƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒšแƒ”แƒ›แƒแƒช แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒšแƒก แƒแƒ  แƒ’แƒแƒแƒฉแƒœแƒ˜แƒ) แƒฆแƒฃแƒ›แƒ”แƒšแƒ—แƒแƒœ แƒ—แƒ‘แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒแƒ  แƒžแƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒšแƒ”แƒ›แƒแƒ“ แƒกแƒแƒแƒ•แƒแƒ“แƒ›แƒงแƒแƒคแƒแƒก แƒแƒ  แƒฅแƒแƒœแƒแƒก แƒแƒกแƒแƒฎแƒ”แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒก: โ€žแƒจแƒแƒ แƒจแƒแƒœ แƒ–แƒแƒ›แƒ—แƒแƒ แƒจแƒ˜ แƒ แƒซแƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ™แƒ˜แƒฆแƒแƒ› แƒ“แƒแƒ›แƒ”แƒฆแƒฃแƒžแƒ, แƒ›แƒ”แƒ–แƒแƒ‘แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ›แƒ แƒ’แƒ˜แƒ“แƒ˜แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒฉแƒ˜แƒœแƒ”แƒก. แƒ›แƒจแƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒแƒ แƒ” แƒฅแƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒ™แƒแƒชแƒ”แƒ–แƒ” แƒ“แƒแƒ“แƒ•แƒ”แƒก แƒ“แƒ แƒกแƒฎแƒšแƒแƒ—แƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒฎแƒ”แƒšแƒ˜แƒ— แƒฉแƒ”แƒ˜แƒงแƒ•แƒแƒœแƒ”แƒก, แƒกแƒแƒกแƒฌแƒ แƒแƒคแƒแƒ› แƒ˜แƒฅ แƒซแƒšแƒ˜แƒ•แƒก แƒ›แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ“แƒ. แƒแƒ›แƒ‘แƒฃแƒšแƒแƒขแƒแƒ แƒ˜แƒ แƒ™แƒ˜ แƒ’แƒ•แƒแƒฅ แƒกแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ—แƒแƒจแƒ˜, แƒ›แƒแƒ แƒ แƒ”แƒšแƒ”แƒ›แƒ”แƒœแƒขแƒแƒ แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒแƒœแƒแƒšแƒ’แƒ˜แƒœ-แƒ“แƒ˜แƒ›แƒ”แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒแƒ  แƒแƒฅแƒ•แƒ— แƒ™แƒแƒชแƒก แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒ“แƒแƒญแƒ˜แƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒก. แƒซแƒ•แƒ”แƒšแƒแƒ— แƒกแƒแƒ•แƒแƒ“แƒ›แƒงแƒแƒคแƒแƒช แƒ™แƒแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒ•แƒฅแƒแƒœแƒ“แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒฏแƒแƒœแƒ›แƒ แƒ—แƒ”แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒช แƒ•แƒ˜แƒงแƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ—. แƒแƒ› แƒฎแƒ”แƒแƒ‘แƒแƒก แƒแƒฃแƒชแƒ˜แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒšแƒแƒ“ แƒญแƒ˜แƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒแƒ•แƒแƒ“แƒ›แƒงแƒแƒคแƒ!โ€œ

แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒš แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒแƒชแƒ แƒแƒ“ แƒšแƒแƒ›แƒแƒ–แƒ˜แƒ แƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒแƒคแƒฎแƒฃแƒšแƒ˜. แƒแƒฅ แƒขแƒงแƒ”แƒ›แƒแƒšแƒ˜ แƒงแƒ•แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒแƒ‘แƒก แƒ“แƒ แƒ˜แƒฅแƒ•แƒ”, แƒชแƒแƒขแƒ แƒ›แƒแƒจแƒแƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ— แƒ›แƒ–แƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒฎแƒ˜แƒ•แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ–แƒ” แƒ—แƒ•แƒแƒšแƒ˜แƒกแƒ›แƒแƒ›แƒญแƒ แƒ”แƒšแƒแƒ“ แƒ‘แƒ แƒญแƒงแƒ•แƒ˜แƒแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒก แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒšแƒ˜. แƒ›แƒ˜แƒฌแƒ แƒ›แƒชแƒแƒชแƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒแƒคแƒฎแƒฃแƒšแƒ–แƒ”, แƒ แƒแƒชแƒ แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒœแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒ›แƒ”แƒฌแƒงแƒ”แƒ แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒžแƒ แƒแƒชแƒ”แƒกแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒ•แƒ˜แƒ—แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ. แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒฆแƒ”แƒ›แƒ“แƒ” แƒแƒฎแƒกแƒแƒ•แƒ— 1989 แƒฌแƒšแƒ˜แƒก 19 แƒแƒžแƒ แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜, แƒ แƒแƒชแƒ แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒš แƒฌแƒแƒ‘แƒšแƒแƒœแƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒแƒœแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ—แƒแƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒฃแƒšแƒ›แƒ แƒ›แƒ”แƒฌแƒงแƒ”แƒ แƒ›แƒ แƒ แƒแƒ›แƒ“แƒ”แƒœแƒ˜แƒ›แƒ” แƒแƒ—แƒ”แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒแƒ“แƒแƒ›แƒ˜แƒแƒœแƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒ˜แƒชแƒแƒชแƒฎแƒšแƒ” แƒ˜แƒ›แƒกแƒฎแƒ•แƒ”แƒ แƒžแƒšแƒ. แƒแƒ› แƒฃแƒกแƒ˜แƒแƒ›แƒแƒ•แƒœแƒ แƒฌแƒแƒ แƒกแƒฃแƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒ’แƒแƒฎแƒกแƒ”แƒœแƒ”แƒ‘แƒแƒ–แƒ” แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒ”แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒก แƒ—แƒ•แƒแƒšแƒ–แƒ” แƒชแƒ แƒ”แƒ›แƒšแƒ˜ แƒแƒ“แƒ’แƒ”แƒ‘แƒแƒ— แƒ“แƒ แƒกแƒ˜แƒœแƒแƒœแƒฃแƒšแƒ˜แƒ— แƒ˜แƒ’แƒแƒœแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ”แƒœ แƒ˜แƒ›แƒ“แƒ แƒแƒ˜แƒœแƒ“แƒ”แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒแƒžแƒ˜แƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒก: โ€žแƒงแƒ•แƒ”แƒšแƒแƒก แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ•แƒชแƒ”แƒก แƒ“แƒแƒ™แƒฃแƒ›แƒ”แƒœแƒขแƒ˜, แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒ›แƒ”แƒฌแƒงแƒ”แƒ แƒกแƒแƒจแƒ˜แƒจ แƒ–แƒแƒœแƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ•แƒชแƒฎแƒแƒ•แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒ“แƒ˜แƒ—. แƒ“แƒแƒ’แƒ•แƒžแƒ˜แƒ แƒ“แƒœแƒ”แƒœ แƒ˜แƒแƒคแƒ˜ แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒœแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒแƒจแƒ”แƒœแƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒแƒ“แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒฉแƒแƒ’แƒ•แƒแƒกแƒแƒฎแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ“แƒœแƒ”แƒœ แƒกแƒแƒ“แƒ›แƒ” แƒ“แƒแƒ‘แƒšแƒแƒ‘แƒจแƒ˜, แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒแƒฆแƒแƒ แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒก แƒแƒฎแƒกแƒแƒ•แƒก. แƒงแƒแƒ•แƒ”แƒš แƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒแƒคแƒฎแƒฃแƒšแƒก แƒจแƒ˜แƒจแƒ˜แƒ— แƒ•แƒฎแƒ•แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ—, แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒฌแƒแƒกแƒแƒกแƒ•แƒšแƒ”แƒšแƒ˜ แƒแƒ แƒกแƒแƒ“ แƒ’แƒ•แƒแƒฅแƒ•แƒกโ€ฆโ€œ

แƒ›แƒ™แƒแƒชแƒ แƒ˜ แƒžแƒ˜แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒ›แƒ˜แƒฃแƒฎแƒ”แƒ“แƒแƒ•แƒแƒ“ แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒ˜แƒก แƒ“แƒแƒขแƒแƒ•แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒฃแƒฎแƒฃแƒชแƒ”แƒกแƒ”แƒ‘แƒก แƒแƒ  แƒฃแƒœแƒ“แƒแƒ—. โ€žแƒแƒฅ แƒ“แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ‘แƒแƒ“แƒ”แƒ—, แƒ’แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ–แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ—, แƒแƒคแƒšแƒ˜ แƒฉแƒแƒ•แƒฆแƒ•แƒแƒ แƒ”แƒ— แƒแƒ› แƒ›แƒ˜แƒฌแƒแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ แƒ•แƒ”แƒ แƒกแƒแƒ“ แƒฌแƒแƒ•แƒแƒšแƒ—, แƒฉแƒ•แƒ”แƒœ แƒแƒฅ แƒฃแƒœแƒ“แƒ แƒ“แƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ›แƒแƒ แƒฎแƒแƒ—!โ€œ แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜แƒœแƒ˜ แƒแƒ“แƒ’แƒ˜แƒšแƒแƒ‘แƒ แƒ˜แƒ•แƒ˜ แƒ—แƒ•แƒ˜แƒ—แƒ›แƒ›แƒแƒ แƒ—แƒ•แƒ”แƒšแƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒกแƒ’แƒแƒœ แƒงแƒฃแƒ แƒแƒ“แƒฆแƒ”แƒ‘แƒแƒก แƒ˜แƒ—แƒฎแƒแƒ•แƒ”แƒœ: โ€žแƒแƒ“แƒ แƒ” แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ˜แƒก แƒ“แƒฆแƒ”แƒ–แƒ” แƒ›แƒแƒ˜แƒœแƒช แƒ’แƒ•แƒ˜แƒฎแƒกแƒ”แƒœแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ“แƒœแƒ”แƒœ, แƒ แƒแƒ˜แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒแƒ’แƒ•แƒžแƒแƒขแƒ˜แƒŸแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ“แƒœแƒ”แƒœ, แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒแƒฎแƒกแƒแƒ•แƒ แƒ แƒกแƒแƒฉแƒฃแƒฅแƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒก แƒ’แƒ•แƒฉแƒฃแƒฅแƒœแƒ˜แƒ“แƒœแƒ”แƒœโ€ฆ แƒแƒ› แƒ›แƒ—แƒแƒ•แƒ แƒแƒ‘แƒแƒก แƒแƒฆแƒแƒ  แƒ•แƒแƒฎแƒกแƒแƒ•แƒ•แƒแƒ แƒ—, แƒ“แƒแƒ™แƒแƒ แƒ’แƒ แƒฉแƒ•แƒ”แƒœแƒ›แƒ แƒแƒฅแƒ แƒแƒก แƒ›แƒ”แƒ“แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ›แƒ แƒคแƒแƒกแƒ˜!โ€œ

แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒš แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ—แƒ•แƒšแƒ˜แƒแƒœ, แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒแƒฅแƒแƒฃแƒ แƒ˜ แƒ›แƒแƒกแƒแƒฎแƒšแƒ”แƒแƒ‘แƒ แƒกแƒแƒชแƒ˜แƒแƒšแƒฃแƒ แƒแƒ“ แƒ“แƒแƒฃแƒชแƒ•แƒ”แƒšแƒ˜แƒ, แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒแƒคแƒ˜แƒชแƒ˜แƒแƒšแƒฃแƒ แƒแƒ“ แƒแƒกแƒ”แƒ—แƒ˜ แƒกแƒขแƒแƒขแƒฃแƒกแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ แƒ“แƒแƒฎแƒ›แƒแƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒ›แƒฎแƒแƒšแƒแƒ“ แƒ”แƒฅแƒ•แƒก แƒแƒฏแƒแƒฎแƒก แƒแƒฅแƒ•แƒก. แƒ แƒแƒ“แƒ’แƒแƒœ แƒแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒ“แƒแƒกแƒแƒฅแƒ›แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒก แƒแƒ แƒแƒœแƒแƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒจแƒฃแƒแƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ แƒแƒ  แƒแƒ แƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒšแƒจแƒ˜, แƒ˜แƒกแƒ˜แƒœแƒ˜ แƒกแƒ”แƒ–แƒแƒœแƒฃแƒ แƒแƒ“ แƒ—แƒฃแƒ แƒฅแƒ”แƒ—แƒจแƒ˜ แƒ“แƒแƒ“แƒ˜แƒแƒœ แƒฉแƒแƒ˜แƒก แƒกแƒแƒ™แƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒแƒ“. 45 แƒฌแƒšแƒ˜แƒก แƒ‘แƒแƒ“แƒ แƒ˜ แƒจแƒแƒ˜แƒœแƒ˜แƒซแƒ” แƒแƒฏแƒแƒฎแƒก แƒกแƒฌแƒแƒ แƒ”แƒ“ แƒแƒกแƒ” แƒแƒ แƒฉแƒ”แƒœแƒก: โ€žแƒ—แƒฃแƒ แƒฅแƒ”แƒ—แƒ˜แƒ แƒฉแƒ•แƒ”แƒœแƒ˜ แƒ›แƒแƒ แƒฉแƒ”แƒœแƒแƒšแƒ˜. แƒ›แƒ—แƒ”แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ–แƒแƒคแƒฎแƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒ˜แƒฅ แƒฉแƒแƒ˜แƒก แƒ•แƒ™แƒ แƒ”แƒคแƒ—, แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒแƒฏแƒแƒฎแƒ˜ แƒ•แƒแƒ แƒฉแƒ˜แƒœแƒแƒ—. แƒงแƒ•แƒ”แƒšแƒแƒ–แƒ” แƒ“แƒ˜แƒ“แƒ˜ 3 000 แƒšแƒแƒ แƒ˜ แƒ’แƒแƒ›แƒแƒ›แƒ˜แƒ›แƒฃแƒจแƒแƒ•แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒ แƒกแƒ”แƒ–แƒแƒœแƒ–แƒ”, แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒแƒ› แƒ—แƒแƒœแƒฎแƒ˜แƒ— แƒ›แƒ—แƒ”แƒšแƒ˜ แƒฌแƒ”แƒšแƒ˜ แƒแƒฏแƒแƒฎแƒก แƒ•แƒ”แƒ  แƒจแƒ”แƒ˜แƒœแƒแƒฎแƒแƒ•. แƒฉแƒ•แƒ”แƒœ แƒกแƒขแƒแƒ‘แƒ˜แƒšแƒฃแƒ แƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒฃแƒจแƒแƒ แƒ’แƒ•แƒญแƒ˜แƒ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ!โ€œ

แƒ–แƒ”แƒ’แƒแƒ แƒ“แƒแƒœแƒจแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒแƒคแƒฎแƒฃแƒšแƒ˜ แƒœแƒ”แƒšแƒœแƒ”แƒšแƒ แƒคแƒ”แƒฎแƒก แƒ˜แƒ™แƒ˜แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒก. แƒแƒฅแƒแƒฃแƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒฃแƒ™แƒ•แƒ” แƒ”แƒ›แƒ–แƒแƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒแƒœ แƒกแƒแƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒแƒคแƒฎแƒฃแƒšแƒ แƒกแƒแƒ›แƒฃแƒจแƒแƒแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒกแƒ—แƒ•แƒ˜แƒก. แƒ›แƒ”แƒ แƒ” แƒ’แƒ›แƒ˜แƒ แƒ˜ แƒ“แƒ”แƒ“แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒ˜แƒแƒšแƒแƒฆแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ–แƒ” แƒ’แƒแƒ”แƒ›แƒ’แƒ–แƒแƒ•แƒ แƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜แƒแƒœ แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜แƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ—แƒแƒœ แƒ”แƒ แƒ—แƒแƒ“, แƒแƒฎแƒแƒšแƒ’แƒแƒ–แƒ แƒ“แƒ แƒ›แƒแƒ›แƒแƒ™แƒแƒชแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ˜ แƒ—แƒฃแƒ แƒฅแƒ”แƒ—แƒจแƒ˜ แƒ’แƒแƒแƒ’แƒ แƒซแƒ”แƒšแƒ”แƒ‘แƒ”แƒœ แƒฉแƒแƒ˜แƒก แƒ™แƒ แƒ”แƒคแƒแƒก, แƒ˜แƒ›แƒแƒ—แƒ˜ แƒฌแƒ•แƒ แƒ˜แƒšแƒจแƒ•แƒ˜แƒšแƒ˜ แƒ™แƒ˜ แƒกแƒแƒคแƒ”แƒšแƒก แƒ›แƒ˜แƒฎแƒ”แƒ“แƒแƒ•แƒกโ€ฆ

แƒ›แƒ” แƒ•แƒ”แƒ  แƒฌแƒแƒ•แƒ˜แƒ™แƒ˜แƒ—แƒฎแƒ” แƒฅแƒแƒ แƒ—แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜โ€ฆ

แƒ›แƒ” แƒจแƒ”แƒ•แƒ”แƒชแƒแƒ“แƒ” Google Translate, แƒ›แƒแƒ’แƒ แƒแƒ› แƒจแƒ”แƒ“แƒ”แƒ’แƒ˜ แƒแƒ  แƒ˜แƒงแƒ แƒกแƒ แƒฃแƒšแƒ˜แƒแƒ“ แƒœแƒแƒ—แƒ”แƒšแƒ˜. แƒงแƒแƒ•แƒ”แƒš แƒจแƒ”แƒ›แƒ—แƒฎแƒ•แƒ”แƒ•แƒแƒจแƒ˜, แƒ›แƒแƒ‘แƒ แƒซแƒแƒœแƒ“แƒ˜แƒ—!


@Teona I donโ€™t know how I managed to miss this post. Thank you for sharing the story with us, it sounds somewhat familiar as there are villages in my country (Romania) where, too, there are no roads and children walk kilometres to schoolโ€ฆ

Do you have family in Zegardani? Do the youngest in the village ever finish school and manage to move out to a better connected place and make a life for themselves?


Yes, it was accidentally gone unnoticed for a while and it was in Georgian, I hadnโ€™t seen it either until Mathias told me about it. So, I translated it, guess thatโ€™s another reason we didnโ€™t see it before. Anyway, Teona, yes, what Neomi writes is very interesting. I am also wondering, are there any ways in which they are trying to find to sustain for themselves? Thanks!

can we visit

hey @Teona

among with the above questions . is it near to Tbilisi can we invite someone from the village to the event in June , can we have a visit or can the georgian futurespotters make a visit for it and see how can we help . @Inge

In Egypt also as we have a very centralized country so outside Cairo and the big cities one can find villages with huge infrastructure problems also so It would be helpful to share ideas