Information for the general diabetis infographic
So I gathered some info for the infographic with general diabetes info. Feel free to comment, I would like to start designing this Wednesday, Thursday.
Title: So what do you know about "The Sugar" ?
Intro: The number of people wih diabetes has doubled in the last decennia. Everybody knows someone that is suffering from diabetis but do you know what is really happening inside the body of someone with diabetes? Do you know what to do when someone gets a hypo? In this infographic you will find some basic info about diabetes and how you can prevent it.
1) What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that increases blood sugar levels. This can have two causes: either the insulin is insufficient or the insulin produced is insufficiently effective. In both cases, the cells can not absorb enough sugar (glucose), which accumulates in the blood. There are two types of diabetis:
Type 1: Occurs usually in children or adolescents and affects less than 10% of all people with diabetes. Body does not produce enough insulin.
Type 2: Over 90% of people with diabetes have diabetes type 2. This occurs especially from the age of 40 years. Body produces insulin but can’t use it well.
2) How many people have diabetes?
The number of people with diabetes has risen from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014. In 2012, an estimated 1.5 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes and another 2.2 million deaths were attributable to high blood glucose. WHO projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death in 2030.
3) What are the complications? How can you prevent them?
Diabetes can lead to complications in many parts of the body and increase the risk of dying prematurely.
Intestines & stomach problems, heart attack, kiney failure, blindness, hearing loss, stroke, damage of nerves and blood vessels, amputation of feet or leg, fatigue,..
Eat and drink healthy, quit smoking, keep your weight under control, exercise, keep the sugar levels in your blood under control, check your feet, get a check-up on a regular basis, keep learning about diabetes!
4) What is gestational diabetes?
A special form of diabetes is gestational diabetes. This occurs especially in the second half of pregnancy. This calls for further follow-up to minimize risks during pregnancy and at birth. Usually the diabetes disappears after childbirth. The diagnosis of gestational diabetes is an alarm signal. It means that you have a high risk of developing persistent diabetes in the first 5 to 10 years. Pregnancy diabetes occurs in 5 to 20% of pregnancies, usually in the second half of pregnancy.
5) What do you need to do when someone has an attack?
If your blood sugar levels fall below 4 mmol / l, you have a hypo. That's what you notice:
• to sweat
• being dizzy
• suddenly changing mood (suddenly angry, for example) is unconcentrated
• being tired
• be hungry
A hypo is about eating or drinking something quickly (not light). For example, six to eight tablets of grape sugar.
If your blood sugar exceeds 10 mmol / l, you have hyper. That's what you notice:
• Pee a lot
• Have a lot of thirst and keep it
• are tired
• sudden moodiness, getting angry quickly
• be sick or give up
• Everything feels annoying
The body itself wants to lose too much sugar in the blood, through lots of pee. Many people continue to drink (but nothing sweet!) Helps. Also movement is good, then the blood sugar burns. If you are using insulin, you usually need to inject additional insulin.
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