Workshop on Service design in a climate emergency - What do digital services in a world of net-zero look like ?

Edgeryders-Fest-FB-1200x628-service%20design-01
2019-11-27T23:00:00Z2019-11-27T23:00:00Z
Location: Berlin
Organiser: Chris Adams, Kathryn Hing

What do digital services in a world of net-zero look like ?

We increasingly see service design as a tool for governments, companies and the third sector to help people meet needs they might have, and rethink how we structure organisations to support them.

In fact some, like Matt Edgar have gone further::

Most of government is mostly service design most of the time.

Great strides have been made, in making services more legible to end users, but also deliver the required outcomes more effectively, often costing less to do so.

But in 2019, and a world where our climate imposes far reaching changes to how we live, we’ll also likely far reaching changes to how services are delivered to people, with new consequences we’re not used to dealing with.

How do we avoid the unintended consequences in a world of binding legal carbon reduction targets?

If we listen to the science, and follow the trends of carbon reductions being written into law, like we saw with the UK, and Denmark, and New York this year, we have a significant changes ahead of us in how we deliver services, as we won’t have the resources available to us that we used to.

And an environment where we have constrained resources, it’s easy to imagine us ending up with needing to radically redesign services to fit these constraints.

Right now, the the scale of the reductions needed are so huge, and because we already have a bias towards what we can already measure, it’s not hard to imagine people using metrics like the cost per transaction to set the parameters service designers have to work within.

We already see it in some countries where there is a developed service design industry:


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It’s also relatively simple to shift from measuring cost in money to cost in carbon.

For example the Office of National Statistics in the UK already measures things like carbon intensity for different sectors, to have proxy figures for CO2 emissions.

If by law you are compelling to reduce emissions, and you know that expenditure in a given sector emits a set about of emissions for every 10k of spend, you have implicit budgets already set.

There’s a danger in this approach, that we end up leaving great swathes of people behind - while this approach is easy to measure and manage, it’s also a very blunt instrument, especially when within industry, we know that our knowledge about how to do almost anything in a measurably low carbon way is so poor.

What can we use to explore the impacts of service design to highlight unintended consuquences and risks early?

So, one goal is workshop is partly to explore what is out there, to come up with a vocabulary to talk about service design, so we can talk about reducing carbon emissions in how we work, so we have names for patterns the same way when we talk about channel shifting, we know it entails.

But there is also a second goal of being able to talk about the trade-offs we make when doing so, so we can avoid the unintended consequences of how we might work.

Finally, there is a need to help share knowledge about what kinds of tools or probes are effective in reaching these first two goals

Prior work we might discuss, or share experiences of using

Inspiration from industrial product design

There are tools and frameworks for product design, to help us understand the non-monetary impacts of what we build.

Below is a Materials, Energy, People Matrix, proposed by Dr Isabel Ordonez, as a tool based on the more common MET (Material, Energy Toxicity) matrix used in industrial design education.

It’s designed to help guide a systematic review of the impacts of a making a product, in each use-phase of it’s existence, and can be used for a very quick life cycle analysis/assessment.

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It’s a useful framework for thinking about the impact of products, and it share the same approach of splitting the use of a product that journey maps, and experience maps like below, that we have for service design.

Comparable tools in service design

We already have some tools that help us talk about phases of use or experience when we think about designing services.

But if there are few tools to support discussion of the environmental or social impacts the way a MEP matrix might, discourse and experience reports are even rarer.

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Also, while user-centred design is increasingly common, we have few tools for designing for people who are not the primary users of services, a key consideration when designing for the wider environment.

For example, Airbnb is a great example of user-centred design for the end user.

It’s a less successful example of design for the neighbour of a person hosting an apartment, or less visible people, like the cleaners and other workers who are also part of the supply chain.

One possible way to frame this has been the citizen - city continuum proposed by Dan Hill when describing how we design services in future.

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Another visual model, is is Stewart Brand’s pace layers, initially used for architecture, to help architects think about the changes they might make to a building, to make the space better suited for it intended purpose.

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Similar to how you might design with these pace layers in mind when designing an architectural intervention in a space, you might do something similar when designing services.

You might deliberately, and explicitly make changes to a service in ways that refer to different layers, given a finite budget of financial and social capital.

Possible outputs from the workshop

1. A greater understanding where we need to describe and create patterns, so we have the words to talk about service design in the context of carbon reductions.

A gap analysis informed by experience reports from practitioners, about what are the key issues needed to explore - this might confirm the initial ideas in this workshop, or bring up other key ideas related to service design in a climate emergency.

Workshop note: An activity like 1-2-4-All from Liberating structures would be a tried and tested, well documented way to get rich feedback from a mixed group of participatants when looking to answer a specific question

1-2-4-All can be run very quickly, but often around 40mins to an hour is set aside to explore a single question

2. A survey of the existing activities, frameworks and tools available to designers, and where they are useful.

This would help understand which questions the tools and frameworks we have available are suited to answering, which ones they aren’t. Being able to check these common tools we know against the key challenges identified in the first output would let give us an idea of what new tools might look like.

Workshop note: you might use an activity like [post-up] in groups to generate a list of the tools and frameworks, represented by sticky-notes, before removing duplicates in a shared list created by combining the groups.

You might then plot these on some kind of visual axis, or diagram for where they are effective, like the ones presented above from user - city continuum from Dan Hill, or the pace layers Steward Brand, or another relevant model.

This would provide the basis for creating the next output.

Depending on how much time you might allow for discussion, how many groups you work in, and how large a shared list is, this might take between 30-90 minutes

3. Some visual representation of the issues and which tools described might be useful.

Earlier designers and thinkers have explored questions like this before - their diagrams or visual models are useful tools, and spending time to sketching out some ideas during the day, that might build on this may be similarly useful.

This will highlight directions for future research, or development of prototype tools to aid in discussions.

Workshop note: Once the groups have had a chance to explore the issues, and try using some existing visual models or diagrams, using an approach like design studio, or crazy 8’s to come up with a large number low fidelity visual models or diagrams, before refining and reducing these to a smaller number of higher quality diagrams would help create with the creation of future tools, mental models or frameworks, to share, and try out in future projects.

A design studio exercise like this might typically take between 30-60 mins

Related projects:

https://medium.com/@cassierobinson/beyond-human-centred-design-to-501a994f3123

https://www.nesta.org.uk/blog/welcome-sharetown/

https://medium.com/dark-matter-and-trojan-horses/the-city-is-my-homescreen-317673e0f57a

Wishlist

Which skills would we like to have in the room?

  • Service design skills, particularly working in public sector in Europe, and private sector
  • Policy design and experience, particularly for delivering carbon reductions in government services
  • Digital skills, for implementing digitally mediated aspects of a service, like building digital platforms designed to support a channel shift away from manual ones that relied on paper
  • Skills and experience at working with vulnerable groups (or people from those groups themselves), often impacted by the unintended consequences of people taking steps to ‘green’ a service.

Are there specific organisations whose contributions would be helpful?

  • The folks behind the Global Design Jam Series have experience facilitating events, and are often staffed by professional service designers
  • There is a unit at TU Berlin focussed on “sustainable digitalisation” - their contributions would be useful
  • Groups like Tactical tech or Engine Room, have experience working with groups who are often vulnerable, and marginalised, and have put work into helping organisations understand how their efforts might unintentionally harm the people they are trying to help
  • In Berlin, groups who are working to build digital services that displace more polluting alternatives would be useful to have present, as they can talk about the trade-offs they need to make, when operating commercially. Examples might be mobility services companies like the ones running Coup, Emmy, and so on

Questions to explore

  • What do digital services in a world of net-zero look like ?

  • How do we avoid the unintended consequences in a world of binding legal carbon reduction targets?

  • What can we use to explore the impacts of service design to highlight unintended consequences and risks early?


Frequently asked questions

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Register here: https://tell.edgeryders.eu/festival_ticket

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This event is part of the NGI Forward project Generation Internet (NGI) initiative, launched by the European Commission in the autumn of 2016. It has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 825652 from 2019-2021. You can learn more about the initiative and our involvement in it at https://ngi.edgeryders.eu

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hi @mrchrisadams now that your proposal is up on the platform, here are some proposed next steps
for how we can involve more people in contributing to developing this workshop (and the broader conversation of which it is a part). The simplest way is to plug into the distributed collaboration process through which the comms and community management crews are coordinating. I am following this process for my workshop on Ai and Justice and it is working really well.

  1. Update your event description above with the following:
    • Add a question that you want to answer through the session
    • Add an Faq Section (you can copy paste the one on my workshop description)
    • Add a description of the format. if you can make it a bit interactive or identify a specific methodology you will be using that’s great. Feel free to ask if you need help with this
  2. Make it easy for us to promote it:
    • Give @MariaEuler photos/visuals + statements/quotes she can use to customise design for a flyer and for a header for this event (as part of the festival)
  3. See what you think of this approach to one on one outreach for getting good input to help you develop the session, and the broader discussion you wish to build around the topics of your fellowship:
    • You send emails with to people you think can contribute to this discussion with personalised invitation using content from the one I forwarded you as a template/model
    • If they agree you can forward them to a member of Edgeryders staff (@inge for now) who then does the interview & transcribes content, and helps them to get on platform. You would need to agree with her on what questions you would like to ask…
  4. Read the articles posted by the contributers and write a summary. Perhaps you can also draw help from the data analysis team to make visualisations that can help you synthesise what is there and share it back with a nice visual graph. If this is something you want to explore, the person to talk to is @amelia.

What do you think, works?

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Hi Nadia!

Thanks for posting this up, and outlining the format you need.

I’ll be able to flesh more fully from Oct 16th, but I’ll have a start from now.

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Hey @MariaEuler - quick question which address would we send the invoices for the workshop?

@nadia and @marina, to which address do the festival invoices go?

I can upload those, @Kathryn you can send it to marina@edgeryders.eu

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@anon82932460 could you make the Edgeryders Facebook event for this to make it easier for us to invite people, and then invite @Kathryn as co-host if that is ok with you both?

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Thanks @nadia @anon82932460 my facebook is https://www.facebook.com/katrin.ohing I can also see if @mrchrisadams would like to add his facebook too.

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Thanks @marina Do they not need to have a postal address attached though?

Please refer to the instructions for invoicing here: https://edgeryders.eu/t/invoice-payment-process/7394#heading--2-4

Hello @Kathryn and @anon82932460 here are the flyer files for this event:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1XjTQ60WPIQwBJefApBMJpeONtE02CUGY

@Kathryn, please check the date!

Also, uploaded one of the flyers as a header to this post

Edgeryders-Fest-FB-1200x628-service%20design-01 EdgeRyders-Insta-service%20design-01

@anon82932460 I’ve just spoken to @mrchrisadams and he’s said his facebook is https://www.facebook.com/mrchrisadams but is about to jump on a plane so cant tell you that himself

Hey folks - hope all is well with you - I’m finally resurfacing after quite an October.

I hate to be that guy to ask here, but I see 28th listed on this thread, and I wanted to check:

Is it a real pain to have this on the Friday afternoon on Friday, Nov 29th instead or Thursday the 29th?

I think it opens up a few more options venue-wise, after speaking to @Kathryn to get catch up after getting married this week.

I’m also happy to co-host the facebook event. I’m @mrchrisadams on that site.

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hej @mrchrisadams, Congratulations!!! Amazing :slight_smile:

No problem with changing the date now from our side as long as it works out on your side.

Do I understand correctly that the new date is the 29th of November, on a Friday?

Just confirm this again and I will change your flyers tomorrow evening :slight_smile:

@anon82932460, in case you already made the event page, heads up for the date change!

Hi @MariaEuler - yes. The new date would be:

Friday 29th November.

Thanks for checking.

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Changed the date:

Edgeryders-Fest-FB-1200x628-service%20design-01

updated the image in the header and the files in the drive: https://drive.google.com/open?id=1XjTQ60WPIQwBJefApBMJpeONtE02CUGY

@Kathryn, @mrchrisadams and @nadia, this should be ready to be pushed set up as facebook event and be pushed out.

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okidok, on it

https://www.facebook.com/events/2459463567464906 Facebook event age is up :slight_smile:

sent @mrchrisadams riend request so I can add him as host of the event.

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it’s sorted, @mrchrisadams Chris is a host of the event on FB, no we need to focus on helping him draw the kinds of participation needed to make this a fabulous event for everyone involved. I think @bob may know people who might find this design workshop generative?

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